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Cocaine Abuse and
Cocaine is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant and in its purest
form is a white substance. Cocaine is a fast acting, potent central nervous
system stimulant and an appetite suppressant. It is used recreationally because
of this effect. It has been described as a euphoric sense of happiness and
increased physical energy. The duration of its effects depend on the purity,
dosage of cocaine taken, and method of administration.
Cocaine found on the street is often adulterated with various substances
to increase its weight. It can be used in conjunction with other drugs, such
as methamphetamine, to produce a variety of effects.
Cocaine's main effect on the brain is the increase of the amount of
dopamine and serotonin in the pleasure center of the brain. The initial signs
of stimulation are hyperactivity, restlessness, increased heart rate, euphoria,
and increased sexual interest and pleasure. It's side effects can include
twitching, paranoia, and impotence. The euphoria is most often followed by
feelings of discomfort and depression and a yearning to take the drug again.
Cocaine Treatment Programs
|AK - (907) 268-4185||LA - (504) 383-8909||OH - (937) 310-2260|
|AL - (256) 217-4788||MA - (617) 307-4464||OK - (405) 253-5317|
|AR - (501) 205-1499||MD - (410) 486-5880||OR - (541) 225-5071|
|AZ - (928) 237-4448||ME - (207) 221-2169||PA - (267) 415-1112|
|CA - (408) 457-1891||MI - (313) 887-0305||RI - (401) 256-5168|
|CO - (720) 239-1182||MN - (651) 204-9116||SC - (803) 720-5181|
|CT - (203) 297-6113||MO - (636) 238-3072||SD - (605) 370-5086|
|DC - (202) 509-9590||MS - (601) 206-0830||TN - (615) 410-2258|
|DE - (302) 294-0986||MT - (406) 203-4815||TX - (210) 319-4417|
|FL - (305) 407-1709||NC - (919) 246-9484||UT - (801) 850-9342|
|GA - (678) 466-7368||ND - (701) 355-6372||VA - (804) 302-5207|
|IA - (712) 266-3564||NE - (402) 296-8256||VT - (802) 277-3346|
|ID - (208) 369-4648||NH - (603) 821-4064||WA - (509) 464-6015|
|IL - (312) 638-9896||NJ - (856) 282-1108||WI - (414) 375-2038|
|IN - (765) 303-9011||NM - (505) 216-2904||WV - (304) 915-0148|
|KS - (785) 380-0231||NV - (775) 473-9873||WY - (307) 222-0334|
|KY - (270) 200-4263||NY - (516) 252-1229|| |
Health Effects of Chronic Cocaine
Cocaine abuse has multiple health effects. It is linked with a lifelong
risk of heart attack that is seven times that of non users. Side effects
from chronic smoking of cocaine include hemoptysis, bronchospasm, pruritus,
lung trauma, shortness of breath, fever, pain, sore throat, asthma, hoarse
voice, dyspnea, and an aching, flu-like syndrome. Very heavy users might
also develop depression with suicidal thoughts.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug and compulsive cocaine abuse seems
to develop more frequently when it is smoked rather than snorted. However,
it is still common for those who snort cocaine to find themselves addicted.
Cocaine addiction can be very difficult to break.
Cocaine stimulates the brain's reward system causing a greater feeling
of pleasure that can be obtained by natural functions. This causes the reward
system to adjust to being overloaded and will cause the user to have a hard
time finding a sense of pleasure without the drug. It has been found that
addicts will continue to use cocaine even when faced with adverse consequences.
Cocaine addiction can develop in less than two weeks. It has also
been proven that addiction can develop even after a single dose of high potency
cocaine. As the user develops a tolerance to cocaine, greater doses are needed
to produce the same effect.
Cocaine Detox and Treatment
Many cocaine treatment programs have been found to be very effective
for treating cocaine addiction, including both residential and outpatient
approaches. Although there are no medications approved for treating cocaine
abuse and addiction, behavioral interventions are showing increasing
effectiveness in reducing drug use by patients undergoing treatment for cocaine